NCAA Oklahoma Gonzaga Basketball

Gonzaga basketball coach Mark Few says a federal law is needed because varying state laws would create competitive disadvantages. [MICHAEL CONROY/THE ASSOCIATED PRESS]

A federal law governing how college athletes can earn money off their fame and celebrity seems certain to pass — at some point.

There is no real debate among lawmakers on Capitol Hill about whether athletes should be permitted to monetize their name, image and likeness.

“There is broad consensus that Congress should pass a law that grants athletes NIL rights," Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., said Wednesday during a hearing held by the Senate Commerce Committee.

But less than a month before NIL laws go into effect in several states, NCAA President Mark Emmert was back in Washington renewing his plea for help from Congress — help that is unlikely to come as soon as the NCAA would like.

For some lawmakers, federal regulation of college sports should not end with NIL and the time is right to tackle other issues — from long-term health care and educational opportunities for athletes to more uniform and enforceable safety standards.

"To race to just an NIL bill and not address these injustices is tragic,” Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., a former Stanford football player, said before Emmert and five other witnesses testified before the committee.

Wicker wants to take a different approach, calling for a “more focused bill on a faster timeline.”

Emmert said the NCAA plans to act on its proposed NIL legislation soon.

“Preferably by the end of the month,” Emmert said.

The Division I Council meets June 22-23 and could take action then, but only a federal law can preempt state laws in Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi and New Mexico that are set to go into effect July 1.

Earlier Wednesday, Connecticut became the 19th state to pass NIL legislation. Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., who has sponsored with Booker the sweeping College Athlete Bill of Rights, said he would block any federal NIL bill that is less permissive than Connecticut's.

“We need to listen to the athletes,” Blumenthal said. "They are the ones who are all too frequently outnumbered in this conversation.”

There were no athletes among the witnesses who testified at the fifth NIL-related hearing in Congress over the past year, but chairwoman Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., said there was a plan to hear from a panel of athletes in the future.

College sports leaders have warned a patchwork of state laws will make it impossible for schools that compete against each other to do so on a level playing field.

“The impact would be enormous," Gonzaga men's basketball coach Mark Few told the committee. “You’d be at a huge competitive disadvantage, both when student-athletes are coming out of high school and when they have the opportunity to transfer.”

The NCAA's NIL proposal would place so-called guardrails around deals athletes could make to protect against third-party payments being used as recruiting inducements or pay-for-play.

Most of the state laws that have been passed also place some limitations on the types of NIL deals athletes can do.

ESPN college football analyst and former Stanford football player Rod Gilmore, who also holds a law degree, said guardrails benefit the NCAA more than athletes.

“Players have been treated like second-class citizens,” he said.

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